Urapidil hydrochloride is a hydrochloride salt form of urapidil which is α1-adrenoceptor antagonist and 5-HT1A receptor agonist with pIC50 of 6.13 and 6.4 respectively. Urapidil has an alpha-blocking effect but, unlike other alpha-blockers, also has a central sympatholytic effect mediated via stimulation of serotonin 5HT1A receptors in the central nervous system. Oral urapidil is effective and well tolerated when used as second-line therapy in patients with blood pressure inadequately controlled with other agents. Urapidil has also been demonstrated to ameliorate glucose and lipid metabolism in hypertensive patients with concomitant diabetes and/or hyperlipidemia. Intravenous urapidil is effective in the treatment of hypertensive crises, perioperative hypertension, and pre-eclampsia and may have a potential role in the management of acute stroke.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 20 mg/mL
Water 80 mg/mL
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