In vitro: TMP195 blocks the accumulation of CCL2 protein in the supernatants of monocyte-derived macrophage differentiation cultures. TMP195 significantly increases the amount of CCL1 protein secreted by the monocytes compared to vehicle group. In the transcriptional profiling data from the PHA-stimulated PBMC experiments, CCL2 and CCL1 are respectively down- or upregulated by TMP195. TMP195 occupies the acetyllysine-binding site of class IIa HDACs. TMP195 competes against binding of HDAC7 to a variety of side-chain modifications on the same peptide backbone, despite no interference with the activity of other acetyllysine reader proteins BRD4 (IC50>50 μM).
In vivo: TMP195 treatment alters the tumour microenvironment and reduces tumour burden and pulmonary metastases by modulating macrophage phenotypes. TMP195 induces the recruitment and differentiation of highly phagocytic and stimulatory macrophages within tumors. Combining TMP195 with chemotherapy regimens or T-cell checkpoint blockade in this model significantly enhances the durability of tumour reduction.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||91 mg/mL in DMSO|
Repolarizing macrophages improves breast cancer therapy.
Cassetta L, et al. Cell Res. 2017 Aug;27(8):963-964. PMID: 28429765.
Class IIa HDAC inhibition reduces breast tumours and metastases through anti-tumour macrophages.
Guerriero JL, et al. Nature. 2017 Mar 16;543(7645):428-432. PMID: 28273064.
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WT-161 is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.40 nM.
EDO-S101 is a pan HDAC inhibitor; inhibits HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 with IC50 values of 9, 9 and 25 nM, respectively.
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