TAK-733 is an orally bioavailable small-molecule inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2 (MEK1/2) with potential antineoplastic activity. MEK inhibitor TAK-733 selectively binds to and inhibits the activity of MEK1/2, preventing the activation of MEK1/2-dependent effector proteins and transcription factors, which may result in the inhibition of growth factor-mediated cell signaling and tumor cell proliferation. MEK1/2 (MAP2K1/K2) are dual-specificity threonine/tyrosine kinases that play key roles in the activation of the RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway and are often upregulated in a variety of tumor cell types.
|Cell lines||a panel of CRC cell lines|
|Preparation method||The antiproliferative effects of TAK-733 against CRC cell lines were determined using the sulforhodamine B (SRB) method. Briefly, cells in logarithmic growth phase were transferred to 96-well flat-bottomed plates with lids. Cell suspensions (100 μL) containing 3,000 to 5,000 viable cells were plated into each well and incubated overnight before exposure with increasing concentrations of TAK-733 for 72 hours. After treatment, medium was removed and the cells were fixed with cold 10% TCA for 30 minutes at 4°C. The cells were then washed with water and stained with 0.4% SRB (Fisher Scientific) for 30 minutes at room temperature and washed again with 1% acetic acid followed by stain solubilization with 10 mmol/L of Tris at room temperature. The plate was then read on a 96-well plate reader (Biotek Synergy 2) set at an absorbance wavelength of 565 nm. Cell proliferation curves were derived from the raw absorbance data and expressed as the percentage of vehicle-treated controls.|
|Incubation time||72 h|
|Animal models||Patient-derived tumor explant models|
|Dosages||1 mg/kg once daily|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO ≥101 mg/mL|
BRAF L597 mutations in melanoma are associated with sensitivity to MEK inhibitors.
Dahlman et al. Cancer Discov. 2012 Jul 13. PMID: 22798288.
Discovery of TAK-733, a potent and selective MEK allosteric site inhibitor for the treatment of cancer.
Dong et al. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2011 Mar 1;21(5):1315-9. PMID: 21310613.
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