Sodium Stibogluconate inhibits 99% of SHP-1, SHP-2 and PTP1B activity at 10, 100, 100 μg/mL, respectively. The augmentation of the opposite effects of GM-CSF and IFN-α on TF-1 cell growth by Stibogluconate sodium indicate its broad activities in the signaling of various cytokines. Stibogluconate sodium induces 61% growth inhibition of Renca tumors in BALB/c mice coincident with an increase (2-fold) in tumor-infiltrating macrophages.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water ≥ 6 mg/mL (Need warming)|
Sodium stibogluconate interacts with IL-2 in anti-Renca tumor action via a T cell-dependent mechanism in connection with induction of tumor-infiltrating macrophages.
Fan K, et al. J Immunol. 2005 Nov 15;175(10):7003-8. PMID: 16272361.
Sodium stibogluconate is a potent inhibitor of protein tyrosine phosphatases and augments cytokine responses in hemopoietic cell lines.
Pathak MK, et al. J Immunol. 2001 Sep 15;167(6):3391-7. PMID: 11544330.
Phytohemagglutinin is a lectin obtained from the red kidney bean that binds to the membranes of T-cells, stimulates metabolic activity and involves inflammatory pathways.
Apilimod is a potent IL-12/IL-23 inhibitor, and it is also a cell permeable small molecule which specifically inhibits PIKfyve with an IC50 of 14 nM in an in vitro kinase assay.
10-Hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid is the principal lipid component in royal jelly which is the food for queen and larvae honeybees.
Brij-35 (Polidocanol) is a high HLB, ethoxylated, nonionic ether of lauryl alcohol with broad pH stability.
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.
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