Simvastatin (Zocor) is a hypolipidemic compound belonging to the class of pharmaceuticals called "statins". It is used to control hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) and to prevent cardiovascular disease. Simvastatin is a synthetic derivate of a fermentation product of Aspergillus terreus. Statins are more effective than other lipid-regulating drugs at lowering LDL-cholesterol concentration but they are less effective than the fibrates in reducing triglyceride concentration.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL|
|Source||Pak J Pharm Sci (2016). Figure 1. Simvastatin (Abmole Bioscience)|
|Results||The results summarized in (table 1) obtained for pravastatin, rosuvastatin, pitavastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin and simvastatin were comparable with the corresponding labeled amounts.|
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 May;29(3 Suppl):1043-51.
Chromatographic resolution of drug analogues: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins)
Simvastatin purchased from AbMole
BMS-5 is a Potent LIM kinase inhibitor (IC50 values are 7 and 8 nM for LIMK1 and LIMK2 respectively).Inhibits cofilin phosphorylation in MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells. Reduces MDA-MB-231 tumor cell invasion in a 3D matrigel invasion assay.
BMS-3 is a potent inhibitor of LIMK1.LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1) activity is essential for cell migration and cell cycle progression.
E7046 is an orally bioavailable and specific EP4 antagonist, with IC50 of 13.5 nM and Ki of 23.14 nM, exhibiting anti-tumor activities.
PF-05175157 (Compound 9) is a potent Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC1) inhibitor with IC50s of 23.5±1.1 nM (rat) and 27.0±2.7 nM (human).
Epacadostat (INCB024360) is a potent and selective indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO1) inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM and displays high selectivity over other related enzymes such as IDO2 or tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO).
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