Simvastatin (Zocor) is a hypolipidemic compound belonging to the class of pharmaceuticals called "statins". It is used to control hypercholesterolemia (elevated cholesterol levels) and to prevent cardiovascular disease. Simvastatin is a synthetic derivate of a fermentation product of Aspergillus terreus. Statins are more effective than other lipid-regulating drugs at lowering LDL-cholesterol concentration but they are less effective than the fibrates in reducing triglyceride concentration.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 80 mg/mL|
|Source||Pak J Pharm Sci (2016). Figure 1. Simvastatin (Abmole Bioscience)|
|Results||The results summarized in (table 1) obtained for pravastatin, rosuvastatin, pitavastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin and simvastatin were comparable with the corresponding labeled amounts.|
Pak J Pharm Sci. 2016 May;29(3 Suppl):1043-51.
Chromatographic resolution of drug analogues: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarylcoenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins)
Simvastatin purchased from AbMole
Glutaminase C-IN-1 (968) is an allosteric inhibitor of Glutaminase C that inhibits cancer cell growth without affecting their normal cellular counterparts.
NSC 23766 is an inhibitor of Rac GTPase targeting Rac activation by guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) with IC50 of ~50 μM in a cell-free assay; does not inhibit the closely related targets, Cdc42 or RhoA.
Budesonide is a GC steroid commonly used for the treatment of asthma and non-infectious rhinitis.
Brequinar is a potent inhibitor of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase, with potent activities against a broad spectrum of viruses.
Laropiprant is a potent, selective DP1 receptor antagonist with Ki value of 0.57 nM, and exhibits > 1,000 fold selectivity over DP2 receptor (Ki=0.75 μM).
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