Etomoxir is a potent inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-1). Etomoxir is developed as an inhibitor of the mitochondrial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) located on the outer mitochondrial membrane. Etomoxir, in the liver can act as peroxisomal proliferator, increasing DNA synthesis and liver growth. (R)-(+)-Etomoxir sodium salt is R-form of Etomoxir sodium salt. Etomoxir is an inhibitor of free fatty acid (FFA) oxidation-related key enzyme CPT1. P53 interacts directly with Bax, which is inhibited by Etomoxir, further confirming the direct interaction of P53 and Bax, and the involvement of FAO-mediated mitochondrial ROS generation in db/db mice. Etomoxir has also been identified as a direct agonist of PPARα.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water: ≥ 30 mg/mL warming|
FFA-ROS-P53-mediated mitochondrial apoptosis contributes to reduction of osteoblastogenesis and bone mass in type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Li J, et al. Sci Rep. 2015 Jul 31;5:12724. PMID: 26226833.
Etomoxir-induced partial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-I) inhibition in vivo does not alter cardiac long-chain fatty acid uptake and oxidation rates.
Luiken JJ, et al. Biochem J. 2009 Apr 15;419(2):447-55. PMID: 19138173.
Phytohemagglutinin is a lectin obtained from the red kidney bean that binds to the membranes of T-cells, stimulates metabolic activity and involves inflammatory pathways.
Apilimod is a potent IL-12/IL-23 inhibitor, and it is also a cell permeable small molecule which specifically inhibits PIKfyve with an IC50 of 14 nM in an in vitro kinase assay.
10-Hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid is the principal lipid component in royal jelly which is the food for queen and larvae honeybees.
Brij-35 (Polidocanol) is a high HLB, ethoxylated, nonionic ether of lauryl alcohol with broad pH stability.
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an anionic, nonsulfated glycosaminoglycan distributed widely throughout connective, epithelial, and neural tissues.
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