Purmorphamine is a small molecule Hh agonist, it directly binds to and activates the 7-transmembrane Smo receptor of the Hedgehog signaling pathway. Hedgehog agonist purmorphamine most significantly increased the neuronal differentiation of a human striatal NSC line (STROC05). Purmorphamine up-regulated gene expression of the mediators of Hh pathway, SMO, PTCH1, GLI1, and GLI2. The activation of Hh pathway by purmorphamine increased the expression of several genes. Purmorphamine triggers Hh signaling pathway in hMSCs, inducing an increase in the expression of a set of genes involved in the osteoblast differentiation program. The EC50 value for differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells based on alkaline phosphatase expression is 1 µM.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Related Hedgehog Products|
HPI-4 (Ciliobrevin A) is a hedgehog (Hh) pathway antagonist. It blocks Sonic hedgehog (Shh)-induced Hh pathway activation (IC50 = 7 μM) downstream of Smo.
|Smoothened Agonist (SAG) HCl
Smoothened Agonist (SAG) HCl is a cell-permeable Smoothened (Smo) agonist with EC50 of 3 nM in Shh-LIGHT2 cells.
LDE225 Diphosphate is a Smoothened (Smo) antagonist, inhibiting Hedgehog (Hh) signaling with IC50 of 1.3 nM (mouse) and 2.5 nM (human), respectively.
Jervine is a naturally occuring steroidal alkaloid that causes cyclopia by blocking sonic hedgehog signaling.
GANT61 is an inhibitor for GLI1 as well as GLI2-induced transcription, inhibits hedgehog with IC50 of 5 μM.
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