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Plicamycin

Cat. No. M9262
Plicamycin Structure
Synonym:

Mithramycin A

Size Price Availability Quantity
1mg USD 145 In stock
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Quality Control
  • Current batch:
  • Purity >98%
  • COA
  • MSDS
Biological Activity

Plicamycin binds to the minor groove of DNA at GC-rich sites, resulting in inhibition of RNA synthesis; this agent also inhibits mRNA expression, resulting in a reduction in protein synthesis. In addition, plicamycin may inhibit bone resorption by down regulating transcription of c-src, an oncogene involved in bone metabolism and resorption.

In vivo, the antitumorigenic activity of Plicamycin (0.2 mg/kg/day) is determined in a xenograft model and observed reduction in tumor volume and weight. No significant mouse body weight loss is observed in Plicamycin-treatment groups, indicating that Plicamycin-associated toxicity is minimal. Plicamycin also increases TUNEL-positive cells in tumor xenografts.

Protocol
Cell Experiment
Cell lines HEp-2 cells and KB cells
Preparation method HEp-2 cells and KB cells are cultured in DMEM 100 U/mL each of Penicillin and Streptomycin and 10% FBS for HEp-2 cells and 5% FBS for KB in a humidified atmosphere containing 5% CO2 at 37°C. Equal numbers of cells are seeded and allowed to attach. At 50-60% confluence, cells are treated with DMSO or indicated concentrations of Plicamycin (50, 100, and 200 nM for HEp-2 cells; 20, 40, and 80 nM for KB cells). After treatment, 30 µL MTS solution is added to each well and cells are incubated for 2 h at 37°C. MTS solution is analyzed using a microplate reader at 490 nm and 690 nm.
Concentrations 50, 100, and 200 nM for HEp-2 cells; 20, 40, and 80 nM for KB cells
Incubation time -
Animal Experiment
Animal models Female nude mice
Formulation -
Dosages 0.2 mg/kg/day, three times per week for 29 days
Administration i.p.
Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)
Species Mouse Rat Rabbit Guinea pig Hamster Dog
Weight (kg) 0.02 0.15 1.8 0.4 0.08 10
Body Surface Area (m2) 0.007 0.025 0.15 0.05 0.02 0.5
Km factor 3 6 12 8 5 20
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by  Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Chemical Information
Molecular Weight 1085.15
Formula C52H76O24
CAS Number 18378-89-7
Purity >98%
Solubility DMSO 14 mg/mL
Storage at -20°C
References

Modulation of specificity protein 1 by mithramycin A as a novel therapeutic strategy for cervical cancer.
Choi ES, et al. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 24;4:7162. PMID: 25418289.

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  Catalog
Abmole Inhibitor Catalog 2017




Keywords: Plicamycin, Mithramycin A supplier, DNA/RNA Synthesis, inhibitors

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