Plerixafor 8HCl (AMD3100 8HCl) is a chemokine receptor antagonist for CXCR4 and CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with IC50 of 44 nM and 5.7 nM, respectively. In vitro, Plerixafor inhibits CXCL12-mediated chemotaxis with a potency lightly better than its affinity for CXCR4. Plerixafor also antagonizes SDF-1/CXCL12 ligand binding with an IC50 of 651 nM. Plerixafor inhibits SDF-1 mediated GTP-binding, SDF-1 mediated calcium flux and SDF-1 stimulated chemotaxis with IC50 of 27 nM, 572 nM and 51 nM, respectively. A single topical application of Plerixafor promotes wound healing in diabetic mice by increasing cytokine production, mobilizing bone marrow EPCs, and enhancing the activity of fibroblasts and monocytes/macrophages, thereby increasing both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis. Cohorts of mice are administered with PBS, IGF1, PDGF, SCF, or VEGF for five consecutive days and Plerixafor on the 5th day. The number and size of the colonies are highest in IGF1 plus Plerixafor injected mice compared to PDGF, SCF and VEGF treated groups, in combination with Plerixafor.
|Cell lines||OS cell lines (LM8 and Dunn)|
|Preparation method||MTT assay.
The effects of CXCL12 and AMD3100 on the survival of two OS cell lines (LM8 and Dunn) were assessed using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Cells were seeded in 96-well plates at 2×103/well in DMEM-h. After overnight growth, the cells were cultured for 7 days in FBS-free medium in the presence of 0 or 100 ng/ml CXCL12, 30 μM AMD3100 alone or 100 ng/ml CXCL12 with 10, 20 or 30 μM AMD3100. The FBS-free cells without 100 ng/ml CXCL12 or AMD3100 served as the control group. After the 7 day incubation, 20 μl MTT (5 mg/ml; Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA) was added into each well and incubated for 4 h at 37°C. Culture medium was removed and 150 μl dimethylsulfoxide was added. The optical density (OD) was then measured using a model ELx800 microplate reader (Bio-Tech instruments inc.) at 490 nm. The cell viability was calculated using the equation: Cell viability (%) = (OD490nm of treatment/OD490nm of control) ×100%.
|Incubation time||7 days|
|Animal models||orthotopic animal model of OS in Ten 4-week-old female C3H mice|
|Dosages||5 mg/kg every 2 days|
|Administration||tail vein injection|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||Water 100 mg/mL|
AMD3100 reduces CXCR4-mediated survival and metastasis of osteosarcoma by inhibiting JNK and Akt, but not p38 or Erk1/2, pathways in in vitro and mouse experiments.
Liao YX, et al. Oncol Rep. 2015 Jul;34(1):33-42. PMID: 25997540.
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