Phloridzin is a specific, competitive and orally active inhibitor of sodium/glucose cotransporters in the intestine (SGLT1) and kidney (SGLT2). Phloretin inhibits Yeast-made GLUT1 as well as Human erythrocyte GLUT1 with IC50values of 49 μM and 61 μM, respectively. Phloretin (NSC 407292; RJC 02792) is extracted from Prunus mandshurica, which has the potential for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and allergic airway inflammation.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 45 mg/mL|
|Related SGLT Products|
Tofogliflozin (CSG-452) hydrate is a potent and highly specific sodium-glucose co-transporter 2(SGLT2) inhibitor with IC50 value of 2.9 nM.
Luseogliflozin is a SGLT2 inhibitor, it reduced reabsorption of renal filtered glucose and decreased renal glucose threshold (RTG) in urine to increase urinary glucose excretion.
LX2761 is a locally acting SGLT1 and SGLT2 inhibitor in vitro with IC50 values of 2.2 nM and 2.7 nM for hSGLT1 and hSGLT2, respectively.
Canagliflozin hemihydrate (JNJ-28431754; TA 7284) is a highly potent and selective SGLT2 inhibitor for hSGLT2 with IC50 of 2.2 nM.
Ertugliflozin (MK-8835, PF-04971729) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2).
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