In vitro: ONO-4059 covalently binds to BTK, and reversibly blocks BCR signaling and B-cell proliferation and activation. It has greater selectivity for BTK than Lck, Fyn, LynA and ONO/GS-4059 only inhibits anti-IgM-induced B-cell activation in a concentration-dependent manner but not inhibit anti-CD3/CD28-induced activation of T-lymphocytes from human PBMCs. ONO/GS-4059 inhibits cell proliferation in some malignant B-cell lines but also induces classical apoptosis at nanomolar concentration in the activated-B cell (ABC) DLBCL cell line, TMD8.
In vivo: ONO-4059 demonstrates therapeutic efficacy in a mouse CIA model by suppressing generation of inflammatory chemokines and cytokines including IL-6, IL-8, and TNFα by monocytes, and accompanied by regression of cartilage erosion, bone damage, and pannus formation. In pre-clinical models, and in the clinic in both CLL and NHL patients, It exerts its anti-tumour activity, with a favourable safety profile along with promising efficacy over a long duration.
|Cell lines||DLBCL cell lines TMD8 cells|
|Preparation method||Cells are treated with idelalisib (420 nM), ONO/GS-4059 (320 nM) or in combination for 48 hours and apoptosis is assessed by FITC Annexin V staining, and measured by flow cytometry.|
|Incubation time||48 h|
|Animal models||Male CB17-SCID mice|
|Formulation||5% (v/v) N-Methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) / 55% (v/v) Polyethylene Glycol 300 (PEG) 300 / 40% (v/v) Water / 1% (w/v) Vitamin E D-α-Tocopherol Polyethylene Glycol 1000 Succinate (TPGS)|
|Dosages||5 and 10 mg/kg|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||98 mg/mL in DMSO|
PI3Kδ inhibitor idelalisib in combination with BTK inhibitor ONO/GS-4059 in diffuse large B cell lymphoma with acquired resistance to PI3Kδ and BTK inhibitors.
Yahiaoui A, et al. PLoS One. 2017 Feb 8;12(2):e0171221. PMID: 28178345.
Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor ONO/GS-4059: from bench to bedside.
Wu J, et al. Oncotarget. 2017 Jan 24;8(4):7201-7207. PMID: 27776353.
Anti-tumor efficacy study of the Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, ONO/GS-4059, in combination with the glycoengineered type II anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody obinutuzumab (GA101) demonstrates superior in vivo efficacy compared to ONO/GS-4059 in combination with rituximab.
Yasuhiro T, et al. Leuk Lymphoma. 2017 Mar;58(3):699-707. PMID: 27684575.
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|Btk inhibitor 2
Btk inhibitor 2 (BGB-3111) is a Brutons tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor.
BMS-935177 is a potent, reversible Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 2.8 nM and demonstrates good kinase selectivity. It is more potent against BTK than other kinase, including the other Tec family kinases (TEC, BMX, ITK, and TXK) over which the compound is between 5- and 67-fold selective.
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