ND-630, also known as GS-0976 and NDI-010976, is a potent ACC inhibitor. ND-630 inhibits ACC activity by interacting within the phosphopeptide-acceptor and dimerization site of the enzyme to prevent dimerization. ND-630 inhibits fatty acid synthesis with an EC50 of 66 nM in HepG2 cells without altering the total cell number, cellular protein concentration, and incorporation of acetate into cholesterol.
Chronical administration of ND-630 to rats with diet-induced obesity reduces hepatic steatosis, improves insulin sensitivity, reduces weight gain without affecting food intake, and favorably affects dyslipidemia. Chronical administration of ND-630 Zucker diabetic fatty rats, ND-630 reduces hepatic steatosis, improves glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and reduces hemoglobin A1c (0.9% reduction). ND-630 exhibits an aqueous solubility of 594 μM and human and rat plasma protein binding of 98.5% and 98.6%, respectively.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 40 mg/mL|
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase inhibition by ND-630 reduces hepatic steatosis, improves insulin sensitivity, and modulates dyslipidemia in rats.
Harriman G, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Mar 29;113(13):E1796-805. PMID: 26976583.
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