KNK437 inhibit stress-induced synthesis of heat shock proteins (HSPs). KNK437 (100 μM) inhibits thermotolerance in COLO 320DM cells after the first heat treatment. KNK437 shows inhibitory effects on thermotolerance dose-dependently in COLO 320DM cells (0-200 μM) and HeLa S3 cells (100, 200 μM).
In vivo, KNK437 (62.5-400 mg/kg) recovers bodyweight losses of tumor-free CD-1 (ICR) mice. KNK437 (200 mg/kg) alone shows no antitumor effects and does not increase the thermosensitivity of nontolerant tumors.
|Cell lines||COLO 320DM cells|
|Preparation method||Cells (1 × 105) are seeded in the flasks, incubated at 37°C for 48 h, and then heated by immersing the flasks in a water bath (45°C ± 0.05°C). KNK437 and quercetin are dissolved in DMSO before being added at the indicated concentrations. The final concentration of DMSO in each culture medium is 0.25% (v/v), irrespective of the concentrations of the drugs. The same concentration of DMSO is used as a control. Sodium arsenite is dissolved in PBS at a concentration of 80 mM and added to the medium. Cells are treated with 300 μM sodium arsenite at 37°C for 1.5 h, rinsed, and then incubated at 37°C for 5 h before 45°C heat challenge.|
|Concentrations||0, 25, 50, 100, 150, and 200 μm|
|Animal models||tumor-free CD-1 (ICR) mice|
|Formulation||dissolved in olive oil|
|Dosages||62.5 to 500 mg/kg|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 25 mg/mL|
The effects of KNK437, a novel inhibitor of heat shock protein synthesis, on the acquisition of thermotolerance in a murine transplantable tumor in vivo.
Koishi M, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2001 Jan;7(1):215-9. PMID: 11205912.
Benzylidene lactam compound, KNK437, a novel inhibitor of acquisition of thermotolerance and heat shock protein induction in human colon carcinoma cells.
Yokota S, et al. Cancer Res. 2000 Jun 1;60(11):2942-8. PMID: 10850441.
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Apoptozole is an inhibitor of the ATPase domain of Hsc70 and Hsp70, with Kds of 0.21 and 0.14 μM, respectively, and can induce apoptosis.
Teprenone(Geranylgeranylacetone; GGA)is commonly utilized to protect the gastric mucosa in peptic ulcer disease; has been shown to protect the myocardium from ischemia/reperfusion by activating heat shock proteins.
Celastrol is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and a novel HSP90 inhibitor.
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