K145 hydrochloride accumulates in U937 cells, suppresses the S1P level, and inhibits SphK2 by using human leukemia U937 cells in vitro studies. K145 hydrochloride exhibited inhibitory effects on the growth of U937 cells as well as apoptotic effects in U937 cells, and that these effects may be through the inhibition of down-stream ERK and Akt signaling pathways. K145 hydrochloride significantly inhibited the growth of U937 tumors in nude mice by both intraperitoneal and oral administration, thus demonstrating its in vivo efficacy as a potential lead anticancer agent. The antitumor activity of K145 was also confirmed in a syngeneic mouse model by implanting murine breast cancer JC cells in BALB/c mice.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Biological characterization of 3-(2-amino-ethyl)-5-[3-(4-butoxyl-phenyl)-propylidene]-thiazolidine-2,4-dione (K145) as a selective sphingosine kinase-2 inhibitor and anticancer agent.
Liu K, et al. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e56471. PMID: 23437140.
|Related SPHK Products|
PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform.
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