In vitro: Testing against a broad panel of 230 kinases, GDC-0068 only inhibits 3 kinases by >70% at 1 μM concentration (PRKG1α, PRKG1β, and p70S6K, with IC50 of 98 nM, 69 nM, and 860 nM, respectively). GDC-0068 displays >100-fold selectivity for Akt over PKA with IC50 of 3.1 μM. In LNCaP, PC3 and BT474M1 cells, GDC-0068 treatment inhibits the phosphorylation of the Akt substrate, PRAS40 with IC50 of 157 nM, 197 nM, and 208 nM, respectively. Furthermore, GDC-0068 selectively inhibits cell cycle progression and viability of cancer cell lines driven by Akt signaling, including those with defects in the tumor suppressor PTEN, oncogenic mutations in PIK3CA, and amplification of HER2, with strongest effects in HER2+ and Luminal subtypes. In vivo: Oral administration of GDC-0068 in PC3 prostate tumor xenografts model induces down-regulation of p-PRAS40. In BT474-Tr xenografts, GDC-0068 treatment reduces pS6 and peIF4G levels, re-localizes FOXO3a to nucleus, and induces feedback upregulation of HER3 and pERK. Administration of GDC-0068 exhibits potent antitumor efficacy in multiple xenograft tumor models, including the PTEN-deficient prostate cancer models LNCaP and PC3, the PIK3CA H1047R mutant breast cancer model KPL-4, and MCF7-neo/HER2 tumor model.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||10mM in DMSO|
Evaluation and clinical analyses of downstream targets of the Akt inhibitor GDC-0068.
Yan Y, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Dec 15;19(24):6976-86. PMID: 24141624.
Targeting activated Akt with GDC-0068, a novel selective Akt inhibitor that is efficacious in multiple tumor models.
Lin J, et al. Clin Cancer Res. 2013 Apr 1;19(7):1760-72. PMID: 23287563.
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