Garcinone E is the most active xanthone from mangosteen, which has potent cytotoxic effect against hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines. Garcinone E might inhibit metastasis of an oral cancer cell line by blocking invasion, migration and MMP production. Garcinone E (GE) significantly inhibited the proliferation in HEY, A2780, and A2780/Taxol cells. It induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and activated the protective inositol-requiring kinase (IRE)-1α pathway. Moreover, GE eliminated the migratory ability of HEY cells by reducing the expression of RhoA and Rac. It also blocked the invasion, which might be related to downregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), i.e., MMP-9 and MMP-2, and upregulation of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) -1 and TIMP-2.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of Compound A used for a mouse (20 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 20 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for Compound A of 10 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 10 mM|
|Storage||2-8°C, dry, sealed|
 Linli Yang, et al. AMB Express . Garcinone-E exhibits anticancer effects in HeLa human cervical carcinoma cells mediated via programmed cell death, cell cycle arrest and suppression of cell migration and invasion
Cinobufotalin is a cardiotonic steroid, or butadienolide, derived from the skin secretions of toads. SREBP1 is a novel inhibitor that inhibits the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting adipogenesis.
A 438079 is A potent, selective P2X7 receptor antagonist with A pIC50 of 6.9.
|A 438079 hydrochloride
A 438079 Hydrochloride is A potent, selective P2X7 receptor antagonist with A pIC50 of 6.9.
Abatacept is a CTLA-4 agonist that binds to antigen presenting cells CD80 and CD86, blocks costimulatory signals and inhibits T cell activation, and is used in the study of rheumatoid arthritis and juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
(-)-Taxifolin is a low activity isomer of Taxifolin. Taxifolin has important anti-tyrosinase activity. Taxifolin effectively inhibited collagenase with IC50 of 193.3 μM. Taxifolin is an important natural compound with anti-fibrosis effects. Taxifolin is a free radical scavenger with antioxidant capacity.
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