In vitro: E7449 inhibits PARP enzymatic activity and additionally traps PARP1 onto damaged DNA; a mechanism previously shown to augment cytotoxicity. E7449 inhibits Wnt/β-catenin signaling in colon cancer cell lines, likely through TNKS inhibition. E7449 stabilizes axin and TNKS proteins resulting in β-catenin de-stabilization and significantly alters expression of Wnt target genes. E7449 inhibits TNKS1 and 2 (PARP5a and 5b) with IC50 values of 50-100 nmol/L. Significant inhibitory activity is not observed for PARP3 or PARPs 6-16 (PARP9 and 13 lack activity and PARP4 had minimal signal. In vivo: Chemotherapy is potentiated by E7449 and single agent has significant antitumor activity in BRCA-deficient xenografts. E7449 lacks single agent antitumor activity in vivo. E7449 antitumor activity is increased through combination with MEK inhibition. Treatment with E7449 at 30 or 100 mg/kg in xenografts is well-tolerated without any significant body weight loss or deaths. Treatment with E7449 at 100 mg/kg resulted in significant PARP inhibition that is sustained for at least 12 hours and recovered to basal levels within 24 h.
|Cell lines||Human breast cancer cell lines, HCC1143, HCC70, HCC1806, MDA-MB-436, T47D, MDA-MB-157, MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-468, MDA-MB-453, BT-20 and Hs578T|
|Preparation method||For proliferation assays cells are plated at low density in 96 well plates. E7449 is added at various concentrations and plates incubated for a total of 8 days; compound and medium are replenished on day 4. Cell growth is assessed.|
|Incubation time||8 days|
|Animal models||C57BL/6 mice|
|Formulation||0.5% methyl cellulose in water|
|Dosages||30, 100 or 300 mg/kg|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||4 mg/mL in DMSO|
E7449: A dual inhibitor of PARP1/2 and tankyrase1/2 inhibits growth of DNA repair deficient tumors and antagonizes Wnt signaling.
McGonigle S, et al. Oncotarget. 2015 Dec 1;6(38):41307-23. PMID: 26513298.
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