Cyclophosphamide inhibits the AChE reversibly with an IC50 of 511 microM. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) was 132 microM for AChE in the control system; a value increased by 78% in the CP treated system. The Vmax was 73.8 mumol/h/mg protein for the control system. Cyclophosphamide is used to treat cancers and autoimmune disorders. Cyclophosphamide belongs to a group of drugs called alkylating agents. It works by sticking to one of the cancer cell's DNA strands. DNA is the genetic code that is in the heart of all animal and plant cells. It controls everything the cell does.The cell cannot then divide into 2 new cells.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Water 43 mg/mL
Ethanol 52 mg/mL
Inhibition of human acetylcholinesterase by cyclophosphamide.
al-Jafari AA, et al. Toxicology. 1995 Jan 19;96(1):1-6. PMID: 7863507.
|Related DNA/RNA Synthesis Products|
Vidarabine is an antiviral drug by interfering with the synthesis of viral DNA, used to treat herpes simplex and varicella zoster viruses.
Uridine is a nucleoside, contains a uracil attached to a ribose ring via a β-N1-glycosidic bond.
Rifampin is a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor, used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
Mitomycin C is an antineoplastic antibiotic by inhibiting DNA synthesis, used to treat different cancers.
Mercaptopurine is a widely used antileukemic agent and immunosuppressive drug that inhibits de novo purine synthesis through incorporation of thiopurine methyltransferase metabolites into DNA and RNA.
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