Coluracetam (MKC-231) is a new choline uptake enhancer.
In vitro: MKC-231 (10(-10)-10(-6) moll) significantly increased high affinity choline uptake (HACU) when it was incubated with the hippocampal synaptosomes of ethylcholine mustard aziridinium ion (AF64A) treated rats, but not of normal rats.
In vivo: Oral administration of Coluracetam (MKC-231) (1-10 mg/kg) significantly improved the learning deficits in the Morris' water maze of AF64A-treated rats, but it did not produce any significant side effects, like tremor, salivation or hypothermia, which were observed in rats treated with high doses of tacrine. In acute behavioral experiments, MKC-231 and THA had no significant effect on AF64A-induced memory deficits at any doses tested (0.3, 1.0 and 3.0 mg/kg), whereas Dup 996, at a dose of 1.0 mg/kg, significantly improved memory deficits.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 60 mg/mL|
Effect of the novel high affinity choline uptake enhancer 2-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-N-(2,3-dimethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrofuro[2,3-b] quinolin-4-yl)acetoamide on deficits of water maze learning in rats.
Bessho T, et al. Arzneimittelforschung. 1996 Apr;46(4):369-73. PMID: 8740080.
MKC-231, a choline uptake enhancer, ameliorates working memory deficits and decreased hippocampal acetylcholine induced by ethylcholine aziridinium ion in mice.
Murai S, et al. J Neural Transm Gen Sect. 1994;98(1):1-13. PMID: 7710736.
AX-024 hydrochloride is a potent cytokine release inhibitor, inhibits the production of interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), IL-10 and IL-17A.
Chlorin E6 is a natural molecule and a promising photosensitizer, isolated from renewable natural sources.
|Calf thymus DNA
Calf thymus DNA is high quality double-stranded template DNA isolated from the thymus of male and female calves.
PEG300 is a neutral and biocompatible hydrophilic polymer.
MnTMPyP Pentachloride is a superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetic and peroxynitrite scavenger.
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