Clonidine hydrochloride (Catapres) is a direct-acting α2 adrenergic agonist with an ED50 of 0.02±0.01 mg/kg. It treats high blood pressure by stimulating α2 receptors in the brain, which decreases cardiac output and peripheral vascular resistance, lowering blood pressure. It has specificity towards the presynaptic α2 receptors in the vasomotor center in the brainstem. This binding decreases presynaptic calcium levels, and inhibits the release of norepinephrine (NE). The net effect is a decrease in sympathetic tone.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 50 mg/mL|
|Related Adrenergic Receptor Products|
Xylometazoline is an α-adrenoceptor agonist commonly used as nasal decongestant, exhibits highest potency at α2B-adrenoceptor subtype with EC50 of 99 μM.
Xylazine is an α2-Adrenergic receptor agonist, used as a sedative and muscle relaxant.
Tizanidine hydrochloride is an α2-adrenergic receptor agonist and inhibits neurotransmitter release from CNS noradrenergic neurons.
Terazosin is a selective alpha-1 antagonist used for treatment of symptoms of an enlarged prostate (BPH). It works by blocking the action of adrenaline on smooth muscle of the bladder and the blood vessel walls.
|Terazosin HCl Dihydrate
Terazosin HCl is a selective α1-adrenoceptor antagonist, used for treatment of symptoms of an enlarged prostate (BPH).
Products are for research use only. Not for human use. We do not sell to patients.
© Copyright 2010-2017 AbMole BioScience. All Rights Reserved.