CI-994 (N-acetyldinaline) is a novel oral agent which inhibits HDAC1, with a wide spectrum of antitumor activity in preclinical models, in vitro and in vivo. CI-994 inhibits growth of LNCaP cell with IC50 of 7.4 μM. CI-994 inhibits growth of rat leukemia BCLO cells with IC50 of 2.5 μM. The effect of CI-994, as demonstrated by recovery experiments, was cytostatic and seemed to be superimposable in both cell lines. Cytofluorimetric analysis to assess cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis was performed after 24 h of treatment, indicating a cell block with concomitant increase at G0/G1 phase, a reduction at S phase level at 20, 40, 80, and 160 microM, and apoptosis at the higher concentration (160 microM). CI-994 is currently in a phase III clinical trial in patients with lung cancer.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO 50 mg/mL|
|Source||AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses (2016). Figure 3. CI-994|
|Cell Lines||CD4+ T cells|
|Incubation Time||24 h|
|Results||Both vorinostat and panobinostat, but not tacedinaline, increased CDK9 T-loop phosphorylation in CCL19-treated cells compared to control cells. Vorinostat and panobinostat, but not tacedinaline, also increased histone H3 acetylation in CCl19-treated cells.|
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