Chrysophanic acid preferentially blocked proliferation in SNU-C5 cells but not in other cell lines (HT7, HT29, KM12C, SW480, HCT116 and SNU-C4) with low levels of EGFR expression. Chrysophanic acid treatment in SNU-C5 cells inhibited EGF-induced phosphorylation of EGFR and suppressed activation of downstream signaling molecules, such as AKT, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K). Chrysophanic acid (80 and 120 µm) significantly blocked cell proliferation when combined with the mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
Chrysophanic acid blocks proliferation of colon cancer cells by inhibiting EGFR/mTOR pathway.
Lee MS, et al. Phytother Res. 2011 Jun;25(6):833-7. PMID: 21089180.
In vitro antiviral activity of the anthraquinone chrysophanic acid against poliovirus.
Semple SJ, et al. Antiviral Res. 2001 Mar;49(3):169-78. PMID: 11428243.
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