In vitro: BMS-935177 shows greater than 50-fold selectivity over the SRC family of kinases, including 1100-fold selectivity over SRC itself. Other kinases inhibited with a potency less than 150 nM (50-fold selectivity) included TRKA, HER4, TRKB, and RET. It inhibits calcium flux in human Ramos B cells (IC50 = 27 nM) and inhibits CD69 surface expression in peripheral B cells stimulated with anti-IgM and anti-IgG. However, BMS-935177 has no effect on CD69 surface expression in B cells stimulated through the CD40 receptor with CD40 ligand. Against IgG-containing immune complex-driven low affinity activating Fcγ receptor (FcγRIIa and FcγRIII) end points in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), BMS-935177 effectively inhibited TNFα production with an IC50 value of 14 nM.
In vivo: Plasma protein binding for BMS-935177 is high for all species, with less than 1% free for human. It has excellent oral bioavailability in all preclinical species, from both suspension and solution dosing, despite its low aqueous solubility. The oral bioavailability for BMS-935177 with solution dosing ranges from 84% to 100% in rat, mouse, dog, and cynomolgus monkey, with low clearance in single intravenous (iv) infusion studies. When dosed at 2 mg/kg i.v. in mouse and rat, the T1/2 of BMS-935177 is 4 h and 5.1 h respectively.
|Animal models||Male Sprague−Dawley rats|
|Formulation||polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG-400)/water/ethanol (70:20:10, v/v/v) solution|
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||100 mg/mL in DMSO|
Small Molecule Reversible Inhibitors of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase (BTK): Structure-Activity Relationships Leading to the Identification of 7-(2-Hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-[2-methyl-3-(4-oxo-3,4-dihydroquinazolin-3-yl)phenyl]-9H-carbazole-1-carboxamide (BMS-935177).
De Lucca GV, et al. J Med Chem. 2016 Sep 8;59(17):7915-35. PMID: 27531604.
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