AV-412 is a second-generation, orally bioavailable dual EGFR/HER2 tyrosine kinase inhibitor. AV-412 possesses potential antineoplastic activity. AV-412 binds to and inhibits the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), which may result in the inhibition of tumor growth and angiogenesis, and tumor regression in EGFR/HER2-expressing tumors. AV-412 may be active against EGFR/HER2-expressing tumor cells that are resistant to first-generation kinase inhibitors. EGFR and HER2 are receptor tyrosine kinases that play major roles in tumor cell proliferation and tumor vascularization.In a study, at both 1 and 3 days following treatment, AV412-treated tumors revealed significantly more apoptotic regions compared with tumors from mice treated with vehicle alone. Furthermore, the number of carcinoma cells expressing HER2 was decreased following treatment with AV-412. AV-412 is originally developed by AVEO Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The phase I clinical trials for AV-412 has been terminated in the treatment of tumor.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
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