Apatinib is an orally bioavailable, small-molecule receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potential antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities. The free-base form is also known as Rivoceranib. Apatinib selectively binds to and inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2, which may inhibit VEGF-stimulated endothelial cell migration and proliferation and decrease tumor microvessel density. Apatinib also potently suppresses the activities of Ret, c-Kit and c-Src with IC50s of 13, 429 and 530 nM, respectively. Apatinib has no significant effects on EGFR, Her-2 or FGFR1 in concentrations up to 10 μM. Statistically significant growth inhibition is obtained with 50 mg/kg per day Apatinib in three of five tumor xenografts tested. Each tumor xenograft model is significantly growth inhibited by Apatinib at the dose of 100 kg/day. Similar tumor growth inhibition is observed (T/C%, 8% to 18%) in mice following treatment with Apatinib at the dose of 200 kg/day. Full growth inhibition profiles are shown for three of the xenografts.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||DMSO: ≥ 25 mg/mL|
YN968D1 is a novel and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 tyrosine kinase with potent activity in vitro and in vivo.
Tian S, et al. Cancer Sci. 2011 Jul;102(7):1374-80. PMID: 21443688.
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