In vitro: Anacardic acid is found to be a common inhibitor of several clinically targeted enzymes such as NFkB kinase, histone acetyltransferase (HATs), lipoxygenase (LOX-1), xanthine oxidase, tyrosinase and ureases. Anacardic acid is also an efficient inhibitor of Tip60 in vitro. It inhibits the Tip60-dependent acetylation and activation of the ATM protein kinase in HeLa cells, and sensitizes the cells to the cytotoxic effects of radiation. Anacardic acid can effectively prevent cell damage induced by H2O2 because this can be converted to ROS, hydroxyl radicals, in the presence of metal ions. In vivo: Anacardic acid attenuates over-expression of Gata4, α-MHC and cTnT in fetal mouse hearts exposed to ethanol. Anacardic acid inhibits binding of P300, PCAF to the promoter of Gata4.
|Body Surface Area (m2)||0.007||0.025||0.15||0.05||0.02||0.5|
|Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by||Animal B Km|
|Animal A Km|
For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.
|Solubility||69 mg/mL in DMSO|
Anacardic Acid, Salicylic Acid, and Oleic Acid Differentially Alter Cellular Bioenergetic Function in Breast Cancer Cells.
Radde BN, et al. J Cell Biochem. 2016 Nov;117(11):2521-32. PMID: 26990649.
Anacardic acid enhances the anticancer activity of liposomal mitoxantrone towards melanoma cell lines - in vitro studies.
Legut M, et al. Int J Nanomedicine. 2014 Jan 23;9:653-68. PMID: 24489469.
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